Sheffield tree campaign

According to Worcester News, three anti-tree felling campaigners have avoided jail sentences after they were found in contempt of court for breaching an injunction stopping them going inside work safety zones during controversial protests in Sheffield.

Creative writing lecturer Simon Crump, songwriting magician Benoit Compin and retired primary school teacher Fran Grace were found in contempt by a judge at the High Court in Sheffield on Thursday following a three-day hearing of an action brought by Sheffield City Council.

The judge, Mr. Justice Males, gave both Crump and Compin a two-month prison sentence, suspended for one year. He decided no further punishment was appropriate for grandmother Grace.

The judge ruled that the trio had breached an injunction obtained by the council last year which prevents protesters entering safety zones set up around trees being felled and also forbids people encouraging or facilitating anyone else to break the injunction, including through social media.

He said he would reserve judgment on a fourth defendant – Paul Brooke – as he said there were further legal issues to consider. The judge said he would also rule on costs at a later date. The controversial tree-felling programme in Sheffield is currently paused following a fresh series of confrontations earlier this year which saw dozens of police deployed and protesters arrested.

The dispute surrounds a 25-year, £2.2 billion private finance initiative agreement the council signed with contractor Amey. Tree felling in Sheffield, The council says only a small proportion of the city’s 36,000 street trees are being removed (Peter Byrne/PA)

The contract includes a huge program to resurface thousands of miles of Sheffield’s pothole-ridden road system and, as part of this; Amey is tasked with maintaining roadside trees. The council says only a small proportion of the city’s 36,000 street trees are being removed because they are diseased or dangerous.

Office site trees spared from Sanitary District

According to Coastal View, in the end, none of the neighbors to the Carpinteria Sanitary District offices needed to chain themselves to the blue gum eucalyptus trees that CSD proposed to cut down. At a standing-room-only meeting on May 15, the Board of Directors voted 5-0 to retain “most if not all” of the nine trees on the property that were slated to be removed as part of a proposed plan to rebuild a permanent office at the 5300 6th Street site. Neighbors to the property had implored the board to reconsider the plan because three of the trees are giant eucalyptus that together with the other trees comprise a special ecosystem for wildlife and idyllic space for the public. Plans to chop the trees were motivated by the risk of sudden limb drop, for which the stately eucalyptus are notorious.

CSD General Manager Craig Murray said, “We looked at these trees in a very analytical way. It was risk-oriented. We’ve seen these trees drop limbs … one is 10 inches in diameter and 50 feet in length.” He said after meeting with neighbors and gauging community interest, the district was willing to live with some risk. Building plans called for the removal of the nine trees but replacing them at a 3-to-1 ratio with native oaks and sycamores, which Murray said he considered a good trade off on paper. The 400-year-old Portola Sycamore tree on the property, a historical landmark and most beloved of the stand, was never in consideration for removal, McdVoice survey.

Numerous members of the public attended the meeting in part to defend the trees and were quickly relieved of concern on that front; however, neighbors still take issue with the size and orientation of the proposed office building. Members of the Board of Directors explained that the current office consists of temporary trailers that were erected in 1991 and the City of Carpinteria issued a deadline of 2019 to build a permanent office at the site.

Top 5 Reasons why you should plant trees

According to Modern Diplomacy, here are the reasons why you should plant trees:

  • Trees fight climate change

Wish you could do more than recycling and reducing your carbon footprint to combat climate change? Trees have you covered. Through photosynthesis, trees absorb harmful carbon dioxide, removing and storing the carbon and releasing oxygen back into the air.

  • Trees clean the air and help you breathe

Trees don’t just absorb CO2. They also absorb odors and pollutants like nitrogen oxides, ammonia, sulfur dioxide and ozone. It’s estimated that one tree can absorb nearly 10 pounds of polluted air each year and release 260 pounds of oxygen.

  • Trees prevent soil erosion and rainwater runoff

During heavy rains, water runoff finds its way to streams, lakes, and wetlands, creating the potential for flooding. It also picks up and carries pollutants along the way. The EPA and the Center for Watershed Protection are recognizing the importance of trees in managing runoff. Leaf canopies help buffer the falling rain and their roots hold the soil in place, encouraging the water to seep into the ground rather than run off.

  • Planting trees are easy

Gardening can be intimidating for newbies because there are so many variables. Which plants and flowers should you put next to each other and which should you separate? Which bloom in the summer and which bloom in the fall? When you’re dealing with trees, there’s none of that. Just choose a spot in your yard and you’re good to go. Here’s a video showing you all you need to know about planting your young trees:

  • You’ll save money

Trees conserve energy in summer and winter, providing shade from the hot summer sun and shelter from cold winter winds. With trees standing between you and the elements, you’ll spend less on your energy bill to heat and cool your home, where to buy liquor.

Biodiversity in trees

According to Science News, for a decade, researchers explore how tree species diversity affects the coexistence of trees and their growth performance in the largest biodiversity experiment with trees worldwide, the so-called ‘BEF-China’ experiment. One of the main interests of the BEF-China team is to explore the relationship between tree diversity and multiple ecosystem functions, specifically those benefiting society, such as wood production or the mitigation of soil erosion.

For this purpose, an experimental site of c. 50 hectare in subtropical China was planted with more than 400,000 trees and shrubs. The findings now shed new light on tree-tree interactions: The local environment of a tree strongly determine its productivity, meaning that tree individuals growing in a species-rich neighborhood produce more wood than those surrounded by neighbors of the same species. “Particularly impressive is the finding that the interrelations of a tree with its immediate neighbors induce higher productivity of the entire tree community (i.e. the forest stand) and that such local neighborhood interactions explain more than 50% of the total forest stand productivity,” says forest ecologist Dr. Andreas Fichtner.

The scientists were also able to identify mechanisms explaining why species-rich neighborhoods promote tree productivity. Their findings show that competition is less prevalent in species-rich neighborhoods and that species-rich neighborhoods can even lead to facilitation by e.g. an improvement of the microclimatic conditions or by positive interactions with soil fungi, where to buy liquor.

“These findings contribute to a deeper understanding of tree interactions and the functioning of forest ecosystems, and are particularly relevant for nature conservation and forestry,” says Prof. Dr. Goddert von Oheimb from the Department of Forest Sciences at the TU Dresden. This, in turn, will benefit the multifunctionality of forest ecosystems and their associated ecosystem services benefitting the society. “This shows that biodiversity conservation is not exclusively an ecological or ethical issue, but rather a necessity ensuring the socio-economic welfare,” says Dr. Andreas Fichtner.

Water insufficiency stresses urban trees

According to Eurek Alert, a research that was revealed on March 13 says urban trees are able to survive heat and insect pests well unless they’re thirsty. The lack of water does not only harm trees but also allows other outsized effects to occur.

“We would see some vibrant urban trees covered in scale insects, but we’d also see other clearly stressed and struggling urban trees covered in scale insects. We wanted to know what allowed some trees to deal with these pests so much more successfully,” says Emily Meineke, a postdoctoral researcher at Harvard and first author of a paper on the study.

“This is important because trees need to grow in order to perform valuable ecosystem services, such as removing pollutants from the air and storing carbon,” says Steve Frank, an associate professor of entomology at North Carolina State University and co-author of the paper, where to buy liquor.

The researchers collected detailed data on 40 urban willow oaks (Quercus phellos) for two years. The data includes temperature, scale insects’ (Parthenolecanium species) density, and how water-stressed the trees were.

“This tells us that management strategies aimed at increasing tree hydration in cities may reduce the adverse effects of all three of these key stressors. And that is likely to become increasingly important as water availability, temperature and pest abundance are affected by further urbanization and climate change,” says Meineke, a former Ph.D. student in Steve Frank’s lab.

“For example, urban planners could design urban landscapes that retain stormwater in vegetation; invest in hydration strategies, such as appropriate soil quality and soil volume; and plant drought-tolerant tree species and genotypes in the hottest parts of their cities,” Frank explained.

“Moving forward, we’re very curious about the prevalence of water stress in urban trees globally – and whether this leads to similar problems regarding the impact of tree pests. If so, improved tree hydration could become a higher priority for urban forestry management,” Meineke shared.

Do Trees talk?

Fortey sounds appalled when he was informed by Simard that he detected a spiritual aspect in the forest saying,

“Spiritual? Oh dear, oh dear, well there’s nothing to be said about that. Look, trees are networkers. They do communicate in their own way. What worries me is that people find this so appealing that they immediately leap to faulty conclusions. Namely that trees are sentient beings like us.”

Meanwhile, Fortey revealed a notable offender named Peter Wohlleben regarding this matter. He said,

“There is a lot of good new science in his book, and I sympathize with his concerns, but he describes trees as if they possess consciousness and emotions. His trees are like the Ents in Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings.”

On the other hand, Wohlleben smiles and answered Fortey’s criticism saying,

“Scientists insist on language that is purged of all emotion. To me, this is inhuman, because we are emotional beings, and for most people, scientific language is extremely boring to read. The wonderful research about giraffes and acacia trees, for example, was done many years ago, but it was written in such dry, technical language that most people never heard about it.”

According to Smithsonian Mag,

“Wohlleben’s first priority is to not be boring, so he uses emotional storytelling techniques. His trees cry out with thirst, they panic and gamble and mourn. They talk, suckle and make mischief. papa survey is where you can voice out.

If these words were framed in quotation marks, to indicate a stretchy metaphorical meaning, he would probably escape most of the criticism. But Wohlleben does not bother with quotation marks because that would break the spell of his prose. Then one day, it’s all over. The trunk snaps and the tree’s life is at an end. ‘Finally,’ you can almost hear the young trees-in-waiting sigh.”

Nashville City strengthens tree protection

Nashville Mayor Megan Barry plans to sign an executive order on February 13, which contains additional protections for trees on the city-owned property, restructures the government’s urban forestry staff, and instructs city agencies to enforce tree standards.

“Nashville’s recent development boom has placed significant pressure on the ‘urban tree canopy,” the mayor’s office revealed. According to Tennessean, the efforts come as Nashville grows rapidly and its trees lose ground to new real estate developments. As per the report, advocates estimate over 50,000 trees a year are hemorrhaging in Davidson County

Barry’s order frames the city’s trees as a public asset. The mayor believes that like a sewer or electrical system, it needs to be maintained. “Urban tree canopy is a utility that improves air quality, manages stormwater, supports public health, provides economic benefits, and increases the quality of life for Nashville residents,” the mayor added.

Moreover, executive director Carolyn Sorenson of the Nashville Tree Foundation said, “Something like a Fort Negley is not going to happen again. We are very encouraged. We can be more effective as a nonprofit when the city leads by example.” Advocates have complained that the city has not been enforcing the tree standards it has on the books. Builders and developers have been knocking down trees without planting the required replacements. After all, the Codes Department is responsible for overseeing tree replacement and protection.

Barry’s order puts emphasis to this: “During the permitting process for any development or construction, trees shall be a major consideration in the review of a grading or building permit application and the issuance of occupancy permits.”

Furthermore, the executive order also streamlines some of the city’s tree staffing and communications. With this, the urban forestry program manager was empowered to coordinate among city agency heads and directly advise the mayor.

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Should the Government Help to Preserve Trees

Who are the Government? They are elected officials that their main goal is to take care and improve the welfare of the citizens. If they don’t do that, the people will vote them off. So if the officials want to make sure that they stay in power and enjoy the privileges of being an elected officials, then they have to do the right things.

The government is tasked with building roads, providing security and many other things, but one important thing is also preserving trees. If you read most articles on nature, it is most private organizations that take care of nature. But it will be better if the government is involved in doing that. Because if the government is involved in doing that, it means that the citizens support it because the government is like a representation of the people. Basically, people pay their taxes, and the money is deposited in the central bank of the country. The government is not like individuals that will require the money to be deposited into their BOA, Wells fargo, or chase bank account. If the government does that, they will be like they are supporting one bank over the other.

The government will use the money to preserve the trees. If I say preserve the trees, I mean that the government will provide funds so that the trees will be taken care off and prevent them from developing dieback. The government has to do this if they don’t want the trees to die. The trees act as a representation of the past. The trees tells the history of the place. Of course, the past is the past and we have to make room for the future. But it is also good to keep some memories of the past, so that the future generation can have an idea of what their past was.


Engaging With the Public for Support in the Fight Against Forest Dieback

As the person tasked with the responsibility of leading the fight against forest dieback in a given jurisdiction, you may find yourself having to engage the public for support in that particular fight.

The first medium you can use, to engage with the public for support in the fight against forest dieback, is the Internet. In this regard, you can use the traditional websites, or you can use social networking sites, to get your message across.

The second medium you can use, to engage with the public for support in the fight against forest dieback, is print media. There are still huge numbers of people who read the traditional printed newspapers, magazines and so on.

The third medium you can use, to engage with the public for support in the fight against forest dieback, is broadcast media. Here, we are looking at things like TV and radio. And contrary to what people often say, radio is still alive and well, as a communication medium. If you want to know whether this is true or not, just look at the numbers of people buying the top rated over ear headphones. Or look at the numbers of people buying mini wireless headphones. As you will discover, most of these are folks buying the headphones for use in listening to radio on their mobile phones: which proves that radio, as a communication channel, is still alive and well.

Groups of Experts That You Need to Consult When Figuring Out How to Combat Forest Dieback

Figuring out how to combat forest dieback is not easy. It requires a certain level of technical expertise. Consequently, there are several groups of experts whom you need to consult, when figuring out how to combat forest dieback.

The first group of experts that you need to consult, when figuring out how to combat forest dieback, is that of environmental scientists.

The second group of experts that you need to consult, when figuring out how to combat forest dieback, is that of forestry science experts.

The third group of experts that you need to consult, when figuring out how to combat forest dieback, is that of botanists.

You can undertake face-to-face interviews with these experts, to get the information you need to combat forest dieback from them. Alternatively, you can consult the experts online. You can, for instance, email them the questions you have, concerning the fight against forest dieback. To get started in that direction, you can go to the SBCGlobal login page, and sign in to your SBCGlobal email account (assuming that you already have one). That way, through your simple email address, you’d be able to email questions to experts in prestigious agencies, such as the US Forest Service. Then you can receive the feedback you need, to be empowered to protect your forest from dieback in an enlightened manner.